If you want to generate electricity at home using solar energy then you need to know the equipment that is required to setup a home solar energy project.
I’m sure you are curious to know about the components required for this project and also about the costs involved in setting up.
There are essentially 4 pieces of equipment you need to have for converting solar energy into electricity for use at home.
- Solar Panels
- Charge controller
- Storage Batteries
1. Solar panels are units that are mounted on rooftops for collecting the energy from sun’s rays and converting it into DC current. This DC current is the same that you find in a torch battery or in your iPod battery.
The energy produced by solar panels is stored in batteries that can be charged by this energy. The number of solar panels required will depend on the amount of electricity you require for your home. Typically 100 square feet of solar panel array will help you to produce 1 Kilowatt of energy.
2. To charge the batteries and to control the charging you require the charge controller. This device makes sure that batteries don’t get overcharged. The charge controller also helps in distributing the charge to batteries that are under charged.
3. The third important item required for your home solar energy project is storage batteries. If you have more storage batteries, then you will be able to get electricity for a longer duration of time. These batteries store DC charge and whereas your home equipments like fan and bulbs will require AC current.
There are several type of batteries like RV or Marine, Flooded lead acid, Gel and Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM) that can be used for home solar energy projects.
Flooded, Gel, and AGM sealed batteries are considered to be of industrial grade and are recommend for use in solar energy projects. RV or Marine batteries are more suited for very small projects.
4. The final piece of equipment required for electricity generation is an inverter. The inverter is responsible for converting the DC current in the batteries to AC current so that you can use your home appliances.
The inverter produces 110 V AC that is used in North America or 220 V AC that is used in other parts of the world. The inverter needs to have a rating that supports the output wattage that you require.
There are many online calculators that help you in calculating the number of solar panels, batteries and inverter rating for your home solar energy project.
If you are looking for a more detailed video presentation on home solar energy then you should visit - Solar Stirling Plant